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语法总动员虚拟语气

发布时间:2017-02-12 点击数: 字号:- 小 + 大【收藏】【打印文章】
语法总动员虚拟语气是中学英语语法中的难点之一,也是高考中的常考点,现将虚拟语气的几种特殊情形小结如下:一.省略if 的虚拟条件句。在if虚拟条件句中如果含有were, had 或should,那么 if连词可以省略,但所在句子必须构成部分倒装,即将were, had 或should 提到主语的前面。如: 1.Were I in your position , I would let him know what I thought of him. 如果我处于你的位置,我会让他知道我对他的看法。 2.Had it not been for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. 要不是因为那些免费的票,我就不会那么经常去看电影的。 3.Should it rain tomorrow , the crops would be saved. 如果明天下雨的话,庄稼就得救了。二.含蓄虚拟语气。句子中没有if 虚拟条件句,而是通过without , but for, otherwise, or ,but 等词含蓄地把虚拟语气表达出来。如: 1.But for the efforts of the captain, the ship would have sunk with all on board. 如果不是船长的努力,那艘轮船就会连同船上所有的人一起沉下去。 2.Without electricity, human life would be quite different today. 如果没有电,今天人类的生活就大不相同了。 3. I would have bought the book yesterday, but I didn’t have enough money with me . 昨天我本来要把那本书买下来的,但我身上钱不够。 4. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball , otherwise he would have scored a goal . 他在踢球之前犹豫了一会儿,否则他会踢进一球的。三.错综虚拟语气。if 虚拟条件句中主句和从句的动作的发生或状态的存在的时间不一致,或从句中用虚拟语气而主句用祈使语气或陈述语气。如: 1.If you had listened to me in class yesterday, you would know how to do this problem now 如果昨天你上课听我讲了,你现在就会知道怎么做这道题了。 2.If he should come , tell him to leave a message.万一他来的话,叫他留言。四.wish 后宾语从句中的虚拟语气。从句中常用三种动词形式表示虚拟语气:用“had+ 过去分词”表示过去未能实现的愿望;用过去式(如果谓语动词是be动词,则用were)表示现在不可能实现的愿望;用“could /would / might +动词原形”表示将来难以实现的愿望。如: 1.I wish (that) I were 10 years younger. 要是我小了10岁那该多好啊。 2.I wish you had attended my birthday party yesterday. 我多么希望你昨天参加了我的生日晚会呀。 3.I wish I could go/ would be able to go to the moon in a spaceship one day. 我多么希望将来有一天我能坐着宇宙飞船到月球上去呀。五.if only后状语从句中的虚拟语气。从句中可以表达不可能或难以实现的愿望,其意义和用法几乎和wish 后宾语从句用法一样。如: 1.If only I were rich. 我多么希望我很富有。 2.If only I had listened to my parents! 要是我那时听了父母的话就好了。 3.If only the rain would stop. 要是雨停下来就好了。六.would rather后的宾语从句中的虚拟语气。常用过去式表示宁愿某人现在或将来做某事,用“had+ 过去分词”表示宁愿某人过去做了某事。如: 1.I’d rather (that )you hadn’t told me about it. 我倒宁愿你没把这件事告诉我。 2.I’d rather you came to see me tomorrow. 我倒宁愿你明天来看我。 3.I’d rather you told the truth. 我宁愿你说实话。七.It’s time (that) 后的定语从句中的虚拟语气。常用过去式表示虚拟语气。如: It’s time these two countries ended their war.该是这两个国家结束战争的时候了。八.as if/ though (似乎,仿佛)后的方式状语从句中的虚拟语气。常用三种动词形式表示虚拟语气:用“had+ 过去分词”表与过去事实相反;用过去式(如谓语动词是be动词,则用were)表与现在事实相反;用“could /would / might +动词原形”表与将来事实相反。如: 1.She talks as if she knew everything.她讲起话来仿佛每样事都懂。 2.Mrs. Black treats the boy as if he were her own child . 布莱克夫人对待那个小男孩就好像是她自己的小孩一样。 3.He behaves as though nothing had happened. 他一举一动仿佛什么事都没发生似的。九.order/ command(命令), advise/ suggest/ recommend/ propose(建议), insist(坚持), ask/ require/request/demand(要求)等动词后的宾语从句,以及与它们相关的其它名词性从句中的虚拟语气。常用should + 动词原形表示虚拟语气,其中的情态动词should可以省略。如: He suggested that we( should ) practise speaking English as often as possible . 他建议我们尽可能经常练习说英语。 →He made a suggestion that we( should ) practise speaking English as often as possible . →His suggestion was that we( should ) practise speaking English as often as possible →It was suggested that we( should ) practise speaking English as often as possible 但当suggest不表示建议而表示暗示或表明,当insist不表示坚持要求而表示坚持认为时它们后面所接宾语从句不用虚拟语气而用陈述语气。如: 1.The surprised expression on his face suggested that he hadn’t expected that. 他脸上惊讶的神情表明他没有预料到那一点。 2.He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the car and that he (should) be set free at once. 他坚持认为他没有偷那辆汽车,并且坚持要求立即把他释放。十.It is / was important/ essential/ vital/ significant/ necessary / strange/ surprising等形容词后面的 that引导的主语从句中虚拟语气。常用should+ 动词原形表示虚拟语气,其中should可以省略。如: It is strange that such a thing should happen in our school. 奇怪,这样的事居然发生在我们学校里。语法专练下面的句子里都只有一处错误,请在错误的地方下面划线,并将正确答案写到右边括号中。 1.I wish I attended the lecture yesterday. ( ) 2. If only I didn’t lose my watch ! ( ) 3.I’d rather you don’t do anything about it for the time being. ( ) 4. Would it rain tomorrow , we’d have to put off our visit to the factory. ( ) 5. His advice that we will wait for Tom to come back is reasonable . ( ) 6. I am glad I went over all my notes, otherwise I would fail in the exam. ( ) 7.It is high time that the government will take measures to protect the rare birds. ( ) 8. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it is broken. ( ) 9. If Tom received six more votes last month , he would be our chairman now. ( ) 10.I would buy you a nice present , but I was short of money at that time. ( ) 答案:1.attended 改为had attended 2.didn’t lose 改为hadn’t lost 3.don’t 改为didn’t 4.Would改为Should 5.will 改为should 或去掉will 6.would fail改为would have failed 7.will take 改为took 8.is broken 改为were broken 9.received 改为had received 10. would buy改为 would have bought. 词汇点津 remind的用法 remind是及物动词,意为“提醒;使想起”,后跟名词或代词作宾语,主要有下列几种用法: 1. 表示“使想起”,常见短语是remind sb. of / about sth.。如: What he said just now reminded me of that American professor. 刚才他说的话使我想起了那个美国教授。 This reminds me what we did together during our holidays. 这使我想起了我们在假日里一起做的事。 2. 表示“提醒”,常见短语remind sb. to do sth. ,其意思是指“提醒某人做某事 ” 。如: Please remind me to post the letter on the way to school. 请提醒我在上学的路上把信寄了。 Would you please remind him that our meeting has been put off? 请你提醒他我们的会议推迟了好吗? 【扩展】1. reminder n. 提醒物. 如: His presence was a constant reminder of what she had lost. 他的存在时常让她记起她所失去的一切。 2. recall , call up 与remind的异同点:三词都有“想起”之意,但recall 和call up的意思是“回忆,回想起”,其宾语通常是sth.,而remind的意思是“使某人想起, 提醒”,其主语通常是sb. 如: This picture calls up/recalls my memories of childhood.这张照片使我想起了我的童年。 =This picture reminds me of my childhood. 小试牛刀:根据所给中文完成下列句子。 1.刚才,史密斯夫人提醒她的儿子放学以后去商店。 Just now ,Mrs. Smith ________ her son ________________ to the store after school. 2. 音乐常常让我们回想起过去的事件。 Music often ________ us _______ events in the past. 3. 这首歌使我想起在乡下度过的那些艰难的日子。 The song ___________ me_________ the hard days spent in the country? 4. 这部有关海外学生的影片使我回想起我在美国的生活。 The movie about overseas students _____________ memories of my life in America. break down 常见用法 1.用作不及物动词,意思是“(机器等)出故障,抛锚”。如: On our way home , our car must break down. 在我们回家的路上,我们的小汽车偏偏出了故障。 2. 用作不及物动词,意思是“(和谈,计划等)失败”如: Your plan has broken down. What a pity! 你的计划失败了, 真遗憾! Why did the peace talks break down?为什么和谈失败了? 3. 用作不及物动词,意思是“(身体,精神的)垮掉 ”。如: After a long time of hard work,he almost broke down. 长时间艰苦工作之后,他的身体几乎垮了。   4. 用作及物或不及物动词,意思是“分解”    It is not easy to break down plastics and other similar rubbish. 塑料和其他类似垃圾不容易分解。 【扩展】 其它由break所构成的动词短语有: break up 解散,驱散,分手。break in(vi.)破门而入,打断(谈话).break into(vt.) 破门而入, 突然……起来, 打断。break out (战争,争吵,火灾等)爆发,突然发生。break through 突破 用break的动词短语的适当形式填空: 1. Don't _________ when we are talking. 2.Tom ________ and wept when his mother died. 3.He has just _______ with his girlfriend. 4.The Smiths had their house _______ while they were away on holiday. if only & only if if only 主要有两种用法。 1.if only 用于虚拟语气中,它虽然是从属连词,但它引导的从句却能单独成句,且能表达一种不能实现或难以实现的愿望,意思是“要是……该多好” 其用法相当于I wish,但语气更强,句后用句号或感叹号皆可,另外,if only也可以引导虚拟条件状语从句。如: If only I had taken his advice! 要是我听从了他的建议就好了! If only the rain would stop. 要是雨停下来就好了。 If only I were as clever as you!要是我像你一样聪明该多好啊! If only I had more money, I could buy some books. 要是我的钱再多一些,我就能买几本书。 If only you hadn’t made that noise, they would not have known we were here. 如果你当时不出声的话,他们是不会知道我们在这里的。 2.if only 用于引导真实条件状语从句,意思是“只要”。如: If only it clears up, we’ll set off. 只要天放晴,我们就出发。 He will succeed if only he does his best. 只要他尽其全力,他就会成功。 only if 用来连接条件状语从句,意思是“只有---(才)---”,而且当only if 连接条件状语从句置于句首时,主句应构成部分倒装。如: I told him he would succeed only if he tried hard. 我告诉他,只有努力才能成功。 Only if I get a job will I have enough money to go to school. 我只有找到了工作才有足够的钱上学。选择if only 或only if填空。 1. __________ I had another chance. 2. _________ they were here now, we would be able to celebrate their wedding anniversary. 3. ____________a teacher has given permission is a student allowed to leave the classroom. remind用法答案: 1.reminded , to go 2.reminds, of /about 3.reminds/ reminded , of /about 4.recalls/ recalled /calls up / called up break down用法答案:1. break in 2.broke down 3.broken up 4. broken into if only 与only if用法差异填空答案: 1. If only 2. If only 3. Only if 第六模块 U 4 单元练习第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. From astonished look on his face, I came to realize that he had never thought the performance would turn out to be such great success. A.the; a B.the;不填 C.an; 不填 D.an; a 22. — Please call me at 8:00 tomorrow morning. I’m kind of forgetful. — Don’t worry about that. You’ll surely be _______ . A. informed B. reminded C. repeated D. instructed 23. I don’t think books of this kind are ___________ . A. worth being reading B. worthy to read C. worthy of reading D. worthy to be read 24.It doesn't make much _____whether it will rain or not tomorrow; the football match will be held on time. A. sense B. difference C. matter D. meaning 25.If he carries on working like this, he'll _________sooner or later. A. break down B. take down C. get down D. put down 26. —__________busy schoolwork, the children also have to take arts, music and sports classes in their free time. —I wonder what they will become of. A. Instead of B. Owing to C. Except for D. Apart from 27. — Is the White House ________ to ordinary visitors? — Of course. A. accessible B. available C. reasonable D. comfortable 28. A big earthquake hit Yushu, Qinghai province in the early morning, and if a little later, many more people _______. A. could survive B. might have survived C. must have survived D. should survive 29. __________ with the present situation, the local government could not find effective measures to reduce the risk of coa l mine accidents. A. Though unsatisfied B. As unsatisfied C. Though unsatisfied it was D. As it was unsatisfied 30. —Did John follow the doctor’s suggestion that he _______ in hospital for a couple of days? — If only he ___________. A. stays ; does B. stay; had C. must stay; would D. should stay; did 31. Mr. Zhang , who has immigrated to the UK, _______ in our school for 20 years. A. has been teaching B. was teaching C. taught D. has taught 32. —I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. —That’s____________ I don’t agree .You should have a more active life. A. where B. how C. when D. what 33. The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the ea rthquake in Yushu , ___________the students to return to their classrooms. A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled 34.____________ your letter, I would have written back two days ago. A. Had I received B. Should I receive C. If I received D. If I could have received 35. —Do you mind if I close the window ? —________. We should let in more fresh air. A. Yes , go ahead B. Of course not C. I would like to close it D. I’d appreciate it if you didn’t 第二节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Have you ever had to decide whether to go shopping or stay home and watch TV on a weekend? Now you 36 do both at the same time.Home shopping television networks have become a 37 for many people to shop without 38 having to leave their homes. Some shoppers are 39 of department stores and supermarkets— 40 the crowds, waiting in long lines, and sometimes having slight 41 of finding anything they want to buy.They’d rather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and 42 a friendly announcer describe a product 43 a model shows it.And they can 44 around the clock, buying something 45 by making a phone call. Department stores and even mail-order companies are 46 to join in the success of home shopping.Large department stores are busy 47 their own TV channels(频道)to encourage TV shopping in the future.48 can ask questions about products and 49 orders, all through their TV sets. Will shopping by television 50 take the place of shopping in stores? Some industry managers think so.51 many people find shopping at a 52 store a great enjoyment.And for many shoppers, it is still important to 53 or try on dresses they want to buy.That’s 54 specialists say that in the future, home shopping will 55 together with store shopping but will never entirely take its place. 36.A.must B.should C.shall D.can 37.A.programme B.way C.reason D.purpose 38.A.ever B.never C.still D.once 39.A.proud B.fond C.tired D.careful 40.A.fighting B.striking C.treating D.stopping 41.A.sense B.doubt C.hope D.feeling 42.A.see B.watch C.let D.notice 43.A.until B.since C.if D.while 44.A.shop B.wait C.turn D.deliver 45.A.suitably B.cheaply C.simply D.hardly 46.A.nervous B.lucky C.equal D.eager 47.A.putting up B.making up C.setting up D.looking up 48.A.Guests B.Assistants C.Managers D.Customers 49.A.place B. take C.follow D.keep 50.A.lately B.finally C.especially D.fortunately 51.A.Then B.Yet C.However D.Therefore 52.A.general B.popular C.real D.true 53.A.design B.make C.wear D.touch 54.A.how B.why C.what D.when 55.A.exist B.practise D.follow D.appear 第三部分 : 阅读理解 (共15小题, 每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Do’s and Don’ts in Whale(鲸)Watching The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each summer. It is strongly recommended that vessel(船只)operators follow these guidelines for all kinds of whales. 1. Approach whales from the side, not from the front or the back. 2. Approach no closer than 100 metres, then stop the boat but keep the engine on. 3. Keep noise levels down—no horns, whistles or racing of engines. 4. Start your boat only after the whales are more than 100 metres from your vessel. 5. Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 metres from the whales. 6. Approach and leave slowly, avoiding sudden changes in speed or direction. 7. Avoid disturbing groups of resting whales. 8. Keep at low speeds and remain in the same direction if travelling side by side with whales. 9. When whales are travelling close to shore, avoid crowding them near the shore or coming between the whales and the shore. 10.Limit the time spent with any group of whales to less than 30 minutes at a time when within 100 to 200 metres of whales. 11.If there is more than one vessel at the same observation spot, be sure to avoid any boat position that would result in surrounding the whales. 12. Work together by communicating with other vessels, and make sure that all operators are aware of the whale watching guidelines. 56. For whom is this text written? A. Tour guides. B. Whale watchers. C. Vessel operators. D. Government officials. 57.When leaving the observation areas ,the vessel should ________________. A. move close to the beach B. increase speed gradually C. keep its engine running slowly D. remain at the back of the whales 58. When going side by side with whales, the vessel should . A. keep moving in the same direction B. surround the whales with other boats C. travel closer and closer to the shore D. take a good viewing position 59. What is the shortest safe distance from the whales? A. 400 metres. B. 300 metres. C. 200 metres. D.100 metres. B Goals can help you do,be and experience everything you want in life.Instead of just letting life happen to you,goals allow you to make your life happen. Successful and happy people have an idea of how their life should be and they set lots of goals to help them succeed.By setting goals you are taking control of your life.It’ s like having a map to show you where you want to go.Think of it this way.There are two drivers.One has a destination in mind which is laid out for her on a map.She can drive straight there without any wasted time or wrong turns.The other driver has no goal or destination or map.She starts off at the same time from the same place as the first driver,but she drives without an aim around,never getting anywhere,just using up gas and oil.Which driver do you want to be? Winners in life set goals and follow through on them.Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and setting goals.Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident.Goals aren’t difficult to set―and they aren’t difficult to reach.It’s up to you to find out what your goals and ideals(理想)really are. Research tells us that when we write a goal down,we are more likely to achieve.Written goals can be reviewed regularly,and have more power.Like a contract with yourself,they are harder to neglect(忽视)or forget.Also when you write your goals in a particular way,you are able to make yourself be continuously alert(警觉)to situations that will further your goals. 60.The writer gave the example of two drivers to show__________. A.how stupid the first driver was B.the importance of having a map and right direction C.how stupid the second driver was D.the importance of setting goals 61.According to the passage,successful people are different from unsuccessful ones because _________. A.the successful people set goals for everything and can get help from others B.the unsuccessful people always set unrealistic plans for themselves C.the successful people set goals in their lives and make plans to carry it out D.the unsuccessful people make plans for everything but can not work hard 62.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.Goals can make you gain everything you want in life. B.Only successful people can be happy. C.If you want to succeed,you need to set long-term goals instead of short-term Goals. D.When we put our goal down on papers,we are more likely to succeed. 63.Which is the best title for the passage? A.Goals help you succeed B.How to succeed C.Why we always fail D.A research on setting goals C. Hawaii’s Big Island Nickname: Hawaii’s Island of Adventure. Size: 4,028 square miles. Population: 148,677. The most heavily populated areas are Hilo on the east side and Kailua-Kona on the west. Temperature: Averages between 71℉ and 77℉ year around (expect the mercury (水银柱) to drop at higher heights). Beaches: 47. Golf Courses: 20. Highest Peak: Mauna Kea, 13,796 feet. Farming : The bulk (主体) of Hawaii’s farming products are grown and processed on the Big Island, including coffee, macadamia nuts and papaya. Temporary housing: 9,655 rooms total; Nightly rates range from$ 35—$ 5,000. Airports: Hilo International Airport on the east side and Kona International Airport on the west side. Rental Cars: All of the nationally known rental car companies have locations at Hilo International and Kona International Airports as well as many resorts. In addition, Hilo, Kona and the major resort areas are serviced by taxis. Resources: Call (800) 648—2441 to order a video, poster, brochures and maps from the Big Island Visitors Bureau. See www.bigisland.org for Updated information. Shopping: The large shopping centers are in Hilo, Kona, Waimea and the Kohala Coast. 64. The passage is intended to be read by _______. A. students B. businessmen C. Americans D. tourists 65. The average population per square mile on the island is about _________. A. 28 B. 32 C. 37 D. 44 66. What does the underlined part “expect the mercury to drop at higher heights” mean? A. Things are easy to lose weight at higher places. B. Dropping things from higher places is expected. C. Temperature is expected to be lower at higher places. D. Temperature is expected to be higher at higher places. 67. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a traffic method to get around the Big Island? A. By train. B. By air. C. By rental car. D. By taxi. D If You Make a Mistake, Don’t Worry! Yeah, you may want to forget about them, but mistakes can be useful. Making a mistake doesn’t mean it’s the end of the world. In your real life you have to grow and mature, and you will experience some growing pains. You know you should have studied hard but you went out with some friends instead. You know you should have put the money into the bank for a rainy day instead of spending it on all kinds of things you didn’t need. Most people experience growing pains and make mistakes when they are growing up. If you make mistakes, face them and learn from them. All of the famous people you wish to copy have made mistakes. They’ll continue to make mistakes for all their successes. One of the major differences between people like them and the majority of others is that they don’t let their mistakes stop them. Instead, they use their mistakes as learning tools. At the very least, when you make a mistake, you’ll know what not to do. And you can help others by warning them of the mistakes you’ve made. Don’t let mistakes stop you from doing anything. Learn from them, and don’t hide. Face up to your mistakes now and later you will mature. What mistakes are you making now? Take a look at anything you might be doing wrong. Take a step back and evaluate(评估)your situation, and then correct your mistakes. Then move forward. Always remember your mistakes to remind yourself of what not to do for the future. 68. Why does the writer say mistakes can be useful? A. Because you can get to the end of the world. B. Because famous people also make mistakes. C. Because you can mature by facing and learning from mistakes. D. Because you spend money on something you don’t need. 69. When you make mistakes next time, what should you do? A. Try to face the mistakes. B. Let mistakes stop you from doing anything. C. Forget the mistakes you make. D. Expect others to make the same mistakes. 70. What can you learn from the passage? A. Before you make any mistake, you had better hide in your room. B. Remember your mistake and don’t make the same mistake again. C. Don’t go out with some of your friends any more. D. Forget your mistakes. 第Ⅱ卷 非选择题第四部分 :写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节:认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的横线上填入最恰当的单词。 (注意:每空只填一个单词)。 Is there a "success personality"—some winning combination of qualities that leads almost inevitably(必然地) to achievement? If so, exactly what is that secret success formula(公式), and can anyone develop it? At the Gallop Organization we recently focused in depth on success, inquiring into the attitudes of 1500 distinguished people selected at random(任意地)from Who's Who in America. Our research finds out a number of qualities that occur regularly among top achievers. Here is one of the most important, that is common sense. Common sense is the most widely possessed quality of the people surveyed. 79 percent award themselves a top score in this quality. And 61 percent say that common sense is very important in contributing to their success. To most, common sense means the ability to present sound, practical judgments on everyday affairs. To do this, one has to remove extra ideas and get right to the key points of what matters. A Texas oil and gas businessman puts it this way: "The key ability for success is simplifying. In conduction of meeting and dealing with industry reducing a complex problem to the simplest term is highly important." Is common sense a quality a person is born with, or can you do something to increase it? The oil man's answer is that common sense can definitely be developed. He owes his to learning how to debate in school. Another way to increase your store of common sense is to observe it in others, learning from their—and your own—mistakes. Besides common sense, there are many other factors that influence success: knowing your field, self-reliance, intelligence, the ability to get things done, leadership, creativity, relationships with others, and of course, luck. But common sense stands out. If you develop these qualities, you'll succeed. And you might even find yourself listed in Who's Who someday. Topic: Secrets to Success Finding of the (71)________ Top achievers have some common (72)______, one of which is common sense. The most important quality 79 percent of the people surveyed (73)______ highly of common sense. And 61 percent say it plays an important role in their success. Understanding of common sense To most, it means one is able to(74) ________ daily affairs reasonably by (75)________ on what really counts. (76)________ to get common sense ●(77)________ it through activities like learning how to debate in school. ●Increasing it through by learning from your own (78)________ and others’. Other factors leading to success (79)_______ from common sense, many other factors contribute to success, luck (80)________. But common sense is the most outstanding. 第二节: 书面表达(满分25分)最近,你班同学针对是否应该每天留家庭作业进行了讨论,请根据下表内容为你校的校报写一篇英文报道,并表明你自己的看法。 赞同(占70%) 不赞同(占30%)理 由 巩固课上所学内容 减少与家人相处时间 增进记忆与理解 减少参与其它活动的机会 提高时间管理与安排的能力 身感疲乏,学习兴趣降低自己的看法 至少两点注意:1.词数150字左右; 2.根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。 Is daily homework necessary? Recently the students in our class have had a discussion about whether it is necessary to have daily homework. Different students have different opinions. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 答案及解析单项选择: 21. A. 本题考查冠词用法。前面用定冠词表示特指“他脸上的那种惊讶的神情”,后面泛指一件成功的事,即一次成功的演出。当success用来指一个成功的人或一件成功的事时用作可数名词。 22. B. 本题考查动词辨析。inform 通知,告知;remind 提醒;repeat 重复;instruct 教,命令。 23. D. 本题考查worth和worthy的用法的异同点。Sth. is worth doing , sth. is worthy of being done 和 sth is worthy to be done 都可以表示“某事值得一做”。 24. B. 本题考查动词短语make much\some \no \little difference (有很大\一些\没有\几乎没有关系),而make much sense 的意思是 “很有意义”, 句意是:明天下不下雨没有多大关系; 足球比赛将按时举行。 25.A.本题考查动词短语辨析。break down 发生故障,(化学方面)分解,(和谈,计划等)失败,(身体,精神等)垮掉 ,take down 取下,记下 ,get down 下来 ,put down 放下,写下,镇压,据句意应为“垮掉”。 26.D.本题考查介词短语。句意为:除了繁忙的作业以外,孩子们还得要在他们的空余时间里上美术,音乐和体育课。表示“除---以外还/也”用apart from, 这一意义和用法都等同于besides, in addition to 和 on top of 。而except for 虽然也有“除了”之意,但它表示除了时,往往表示除去的部分和其它是不同类,而此处应为同一类。 27.A. 本题考查形容词的辨析。 accessible 可到达的,可进入的,可得到的 ,available可得到的,有空的 , reasonable 合理的,comfortable舒服的。句意是:白宫能为普通游客进入吗? 28.B. 本题考查虚拟语气。此处虚拟语气表示与过去事实相反,所以主句用might have survived。 29. A. 本题考查状语从句的省略。在状语从句中,如果主从句主语一致或从句的主语是it,则从句中的主语和be 动词可以省略。该句补全应为:Though (it was)unsatisfied with the present situation, --- = Unsatisfied as / though it was with the present situation,---。 30. B. 本题考查虚拟语气。suggestion 后的同位语从句中用should stay 表示虚拟, 其中should 可以省略 ;if only (我多么希望--- )从句中用过去完成时表示过去未能实现的愿望,即, If only he had (followed the doctor’s suggestion),所以本题的第二档考查了过去完成时的省略表达法,即保留had。 31. C. 本题考查动词的时态。句意是:张先生已经移居英国,他曾经在我们学校任教了20年。因他已经移居英国,所以在我校教书不可能持续到现在,因而该题不可能用现在完成时或现在完成进行时,只能用一般过去时。 32. A. 本题考查表语从句。句意为:那是我不同意之处。where引导表语从句可表示-“-- 之处\ 的地方”。如在I don’t agree之后加上 with ,则应选择what为最佳答案。 33. A. 本题考查非谓语动词的用法。句意是:那个退休的老人把他绝大多数的积蓄捐给了受到玉树地震破坏的学校,使得学生们能够回到教室学习。此处应用现在分词充当结果状语,带有逻辑上的因果关系。注意:如果用不定式充当目的状语,那么前面无需用逗号与句子主体分开。 34. A. 本题考查“虚拟省略倒装”,即,如果在if虚拟条件状语从句中含有were, had或should,则连词if可以省略,但所在句子须构成部分倒装。本题中虚拟条件状语从句应表示与过去事实相反,所以应用过去完成时,所以不能选择答案C. 35. D. 本题考查情景对话。根据上下文应选用答案D。 句意为:如果你不把窗户关起来,我就非常欣赏了,我们应该让更多的新鲜的空气进来。完型填空:本文讲述的是电视购物,告诉我们读者电视购物虽然流行,但不会取代商店购物。36.D.can意为“可以”,表示可以同时选择两者,既可以在周末呆在家里看电视,又可以购物。must意为“必须”,should意为“应该”,shall用于表示将来。 37.B.way意为“方法,方式”,表示网络已经成为人们购物的方法。programme意为“程序表;节目单,说明书;(演出)节目”。reason意为“理由”。purpose意为“目的”。 38.A.ever意为“曾经,从来,在任何时候”,多指过去的任何时候,常用于疑问句、否定句、条件状语从句和比较状语从句。此处用于表示否定的介词without之后,表示不必离开家。never意为“从不”,本身就有否定之意,所以不能和without连用。still意为“仍然”。once意为“从前,曾经”,表示过去曾经发生的动作或存在的状态。 39.C.be tired of意为“厌倦于,厌烦于”,根据下文所提供的情景the crowds, waiting in long lines可判断出有些购物者对百货公司和超市感到厌倦或厌烦。be proud of意为“为……而感到骄傲”。be fond of意为“喜欢”。be careful of意为“对……小心翼翼”。 40.A.fight意为“搏斗,争斗”,此处指人们与已经在购物的人群进行的争斗,争抢。strike意为“打,敲,击,殴;碰,撞,攻击,冲击”。treat意为“对待,待遇;处置;处理”。stop意为“停止”。 41.C.hope意为“希望”,表示购物者有时抱着一点找到他们想要的东西的希望。sense意为“感觉,意义”。doubt意为“怀疑;疑惑,疑问”。feeling意为“感触,感觉;知觉”。 42.B.watch意为“看,注视”,指在电视里观看播音员描述产品。see意为“看”,指有意识或无意识地看(见),强调结果,不与有关电视方面的内容连用。let意为“让”。notice意为“注意,注意到”。 43.D.while引导时间状语从句,表示“当……的时候;和……同时”,表示与主句谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生,即一边看模特演出,一边听播音员对产品的介绍。 44.A.shop作动词的意思是“购物”,根据所提供的情景buying something可判断出一边看电视,一边购物。wait意为“等待”。turn意为“旋转”。deliver意为“递送,投递,送(信等);传达,传(话等)”。 45.C.simply意为“仅仅,只是”,表示仅仅通过打个电话就可以购买到东西。suitably意为“适当地”。cheaply意为“便宜地”。hardly意为“几乎不”。 46.D.eager意为“渴望”,表示百货公司和邮购公司渴望加入到这种成功的家庭购物之中去。nervous意为“紧张不安的”。lucky意为“幸运的”。equal意为“平等的,均等的,公平的”。47.C.set up意为“建立”,表示建立自己的电视频道来鼓励电视购物。put up意为“建设”。make up意为“组成,编造,弥补,化装”。look up意为“(在词典等上)查找”。 48.D.customer意为“顾客”,这篇短文讲述的是电视购物,所以应该是顾客可以询问有关产品的问题。guest意为“客人”。assistant意为“助手”。manager意为“经理”。 49.A.place orders为固定短语,意为“订货,订购”,表示通过电视进行订购货物。 50.B.finally意为“最终”,表示电视购物是否最终会代替在商店购物。lastly意为“最近”。especially意为“特别地”。fortunately意为“幸运地”。 51.B.yet意为“然而”,表示两个句子之间是转折对比关系。表示一些工业经理们认为电视购物最终会代替在商店购物,而许多人不这么认为。then意为“然后”。however表示“然而”时,要用逗号与句子隔开。therefore意为“因此”。 52.C.real意为“真实的,真正的”,表示shopping at a real store与shopping by television相比。general意为“一般的,大概的”。popular意为“流行的”。true意为“真实的,真正的”,与虚假的相对。 53.D.touch意为“触,碰,摸”。design意为“设计”。make意为“制造”。 wear意为“穿”。与下文中的try on dresses they want to buy矛盾。 54.B.why引导表语从句,意为“为什么”。表示为什么专家认为将来人们在家中购物与在商店购物并存。how引导表语从句表示“如何”。what引导表语从句时,在从句中作主语、宾语或表语。when引导表语从句表示“在……的时候”,因为句中也有时间状语in the future,所以是错误选项。 55.A.exist意为“存在”,表示将来在家中购物将会与在商店购物并存。practise意为“实践;实施”。follow意为“跟着,跟随;接着,跟着发生”。appear意为“出现”。阅读理解 A篇文章大意:驾驶小船观赏鲸鱼时为了不伤害鲸鱼须遵守的12条准则。 56.C.推理题。 根据第一段中的最后一句可以推知这篇文章是为vessel operators所写。 57.B. 细节理解题。根据第5条准则可知应是“逐渐提高速度”。 58.A. 细节理解题。根据第8条准则可知。 59.D. 细节理解题。根据第2条准则可知。 B篇文章大意:要想成功就必须树立目标,制定计划并且努力实施计划。 60。D. 细节理解题。根据文章第2段第二,三两句可知。 61。C. 细节理解题。根据文章3段开头两句可知。 62。D. 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段第一句可知。 63.A. 标题归纳题。本文告诉我们:要想成功就必须树立目标,就要制定计划并且努力实施计划,因此树立目标有助于成功。 C篇文章大意:本文是广告,主要介绍夏威夷的Big Island的人口,面积,气温,交通,购物等方面的情况。 64.D. 综合推理题。综合全文介绍夏威夷的Big Island的人口,面积,气温,交通,购物等方面的情况,可知是供游客了解的。 65.C. 理解运算题。根据文章的二,三两段可知。 66.C. 细节理解题。划线部分的字面上的意思是“预计水银柱在较高的地方会下降”,意味着在较高的地方气温会比较低。 67.A. 细节理解题。根据文章的倒数第三,四两段可知。 D篇文章大意:不要怕犯错误,不要担心犯错误,而要正确面对错误,从中吸取教训,并且改正错误,这样才能走向成熟,迈向成功。 68.C. 细节理解题。根据文章的第一段的最后一句和倒数第三段的最后3句可知。 69.A. 细节理解题。根据文章的第三段的第二句可知。 70.B. 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知。任务型阅读 71. research/study 72. qualities/similarities 73. think/speak 74. judge 75. focusing/concentrating 76. Ways/How 77. Developing/Improving 78. mistakes 79. Apart 80. included 书面表达:Possible version Is daily homework necessary? Recently the students in our class have had a discussion about whether it is necessary to have daily homework.. Different students have different opinions. Seventy percent of the students in my class are willing to accept daily homework.They think homework helps them review and practice what has been taught in class.Besides,by doing daily homework, students can better understand their lessons.Furthermore,their skills in managing time can also be improved through homework. However, thirty percent of the students hold different opinions. They believe homework reduces their amount of leisure time with their families,not to mention the time for other activities.With a lot of homework to do,students feel tired,and will gradually lose interest in their lessons. In my opinion, daily homework is necessary, but it must be fit for a student’s ability.Also,the amount of homework should be limited,for a student’s all-around development is more important than anything else in his or her life. (151 words)

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