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英语非谓语动词练习

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英语非谓语动词练习

泰州市第二中学  韩宏华

非谓语动词既是高考必考内容,也是学生易错之处。由于受到先入为主的影响,学生常将非谓语动词与谓语动词在语法上混淆,认为非谓语动词也可以在句子中单独做谓语,或者将谓语动词做谓语以外的句子的其他成分,导致一个简单句出现两个或两个以上的没有连接的多个谓语。还有的学生对于非谓语动词的各种形式及每种形式的含义和用法搞不清。所以,本文有必要以练习及其答案的提供,让学生自己思索,避免重犯类似错误。

一、改错练习:

1.      Asking who she was, she said she was Mr. Johnson’s friend.

2.      Finished all my letters, I had a drink and went out.

3.      The child punishing by his father left home yesterday.

4.      It was played computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons.

5.      We are looking forward to seeing the film showing at the Grand Cinema.

6.      The program was so excited that the children kept their eyes fixed on the screen.

7.      He could do nothing but to admit to his mother that he was wrong.

8.      Cleaning women in big cities usually get paying by the hour.

9.      How about the two of us take a walk down the garden?

10.  The students expected there being more reviewing classes before the final exams.

11.  The problem discussed tomorrow has something to do with our daily life.

12.  You can hardly imagine the difficulty the woman had to bring up her children.

13.  Having not received a reply, he decided to write again.

14.  Entering the room, I found Mary seating at the desk and writing a letter.

15.  The young man insisted on sending to the front.

二、填空题:

1.      Everyone in our class was working hard and doing what we could _______(enter) a good college.

2.      He spent every minute he could ________(practise) spoken English.

3.      He knows nothing about it, so he can’t help ________(do) any of your work.

4.      The murderer was brought in, with his hands ________(tie) behind his back.

5.      –Do you have anything more _______(type), Sir?

–No. You could have a rest or do something else.

6. The old professor told us every part of the materials should be made use of ______(build) the power station.

7. Who did the boss have _______(wash) his car this time?

8. The theory he sticks to _______(prove) to be of no use in our studies.

9. _________(follow) the road round to the right and you’ll find his house.

10. _________(not find) the wallet, he still had some money with him.

三、单选题:

1.      Look over there, there’s a very long, winding path______ up to the house.

2.      ________into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

3.      More highways have been built in China, ________it much easier for people to travel from one place to another.

4.      On receiving a phone call from his wife _______she had a fall, Mr. Gordon immediately rushed home from his office.

5.      Tsinghua University, ______ in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures.

6.      The players_______ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game.

7.      Recently a survey _______ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens.

8.      Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier _______into small pieces.

选项

题号

A

B

C

D

1

leading

leads

led

to lead

2

Translating

Translated

To translate

Having translated

3

making

made

to make

having made

4

says

said

saying

to say

5

found

founding

founded

to be founded

6

selecting

to select

selected

having selected

7

compared

comparing

compares

being compared

8

break

breaking

broken

to break

9.      It was ______the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home.

10.  In New Zealand, I made lots of friends ______a very practical knowledge of the English language.

11.  I’m busy now. I’m sorry I can’t help ______the flowers.

12.  Who would you rather _______the report instead of you?

13.  We must stop pollution ______ longer.

14.  He seemed to ________ to Jane. He knows her well.

15.  When the mother returned from outside three years later, her son, _______at her, her eyes with tears, finally cries out the words ______in his heart for long.

16. Seeing a foreign film I have been looked forward ______ my favorit thing at weekend.

选项

题号

A

B

C

D

9

repair

repairing

to repair

in repair

10

get

to get

getting

got

11

watering

watered

waters

to water

12

have write

have to write

write

have written

13

living

from living

to live

live

14

have been introduced

be introduced

have introduced

introduced

15

looked, filled, hiding

looking, filled, hidden

looking, filling, hiding

looked, filling, hidden

16            is                        to is                    to being                   to be

四、用非谓语动词翻译下列汉语:

1.      他要求平等对待。

2.      据说他去年在国外学习。

3.      完成工作后,他走出了办公室。

4.      他被发现整个上午都躺在那里,看报纸。

5.      我看见她进了大厅。

 

附参考答案:

一、改错答案:

题号

错用

答案

题号

错用

答案

1

Asking

Asked

9

take

taking

2

Finished

Having finished

10

being

to be

3

punishing

punished

11

discussed

to be discussed

4

played

playing

12

to bring

bringing

5

showing

shown

13

Having not

Not having

6

excited

exciting

14

seating

seated/sitting

7

to admit

admit

15

sending

being sent

8

paying

paid

 

 

 

二、填空题答案:

题号

答案

题号

答案

1

to enter

6

to build

2

practising

7

wash

3

do/to do

8

proves

4

tied

9

Follow

5

to be typed

10

Not having found

三、单选题答案:

题号

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1516

答案

A

B

A

C

C

C

B

D

B

B

D

A

C

A

BB

四、用非谓语动词翻译下列汉语答案:

1. He asked to be treated equally.

2. He is said to have studied abroad last year.

3. Having finished his work, he went out of the office.

4. He was found lying there, reading the newspaper all the morning.

5. I saw her enter the hall.

 

2011-12-22

(编辑:韩宏华)

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