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高二英语学案(Book 7) Unit1 (笔记整理 )

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高二英语学案(Book 7) Unit1 (笔记整理

 

record  n. 记录;成绩;履历

           v. 记录,记载;录音,录象

   recording  n. 录音,录音制品

   recorder   n. 录音机

   record player  电唱机

归纳拓展

an official record of the accident事故的正式记录

a school record学业成绩

his employment record他的工作经历

break/beat the record破记录

set up the record创记录

hold the record 保持记录

keep a record of sth……记录下来

make a record制作唱片

make a recording of录制……

练练吧!

1.         the score in a notebook.

  A. kept a record B. kept the record C. recorded D. kept the record of

2.The police keep record of all the traffic accidents.(改错)

3.She                       (保持着世界记录) for the 100 meters.

4.You should              (记录) how much you spend.

5.I’m fond of listening to r           of famous singers ,such as CoCo Lee’s and Sun Yanzi’s.

6.She took her Sony tape r         out of her bag and placed it down.

7.It all began in 1877 when Thomas Edison made the first r          of a human voice.

. contribute to   捐献……

                 贡献…………

                 有助于

                 ……起作用

练练吧!

1.所有的孩子把空余时间花听音乐会上了.

2.充足的新鲜空气有助于健康.

3.他的粗心大意是造成事故的原因.

.It is certain/uncertain that … ……()确定(certain/uncertain不能用sure/unsure替换)

   be uncertain about/of…  ……没把握

   in no uncertain terms 明确有力地

 uncertainly adv.拿不准地      uncertainty  n. 忧郁; 拿不准的事

练练吧!

1.      我们俩都不确定该怎么办.

2.      I told him what I thought of him                 (直言不讳地).

3.      I’m                   (不确定他会不会赢)  in the round.

4.      It’s         what his role in the company will be, and he is a bit anxious about it at moment.   A. certain  B. uncertain  C. sure  D. unsure

5. They smiled         at one another.

   A. uncertain   B. uncertainty  C. uncertainly  D. in uncertain terms

.  be superior to超过… … ; … … 优越

     be inferior to…劣于… …

练练吧!

1.这家公司比我三年前工作地那公司好.

2.我认为,手工做的裤子比机器做的好.

3.They are superior       us       numbers.

  A. to ; in  B. over ; to  C. to ; by  D. over ; by

4. He is my superior in knowledge .

  He                                     in knowledge.

. come onto the market上市;

练练吧!

1.这所房子是昨天才投放到市场出售的.

2. 在一个新产品上市前有许多事情要做.

. wind ( wound  wound )vt.上发条;;

   wind up ……上发条;使某人高度兴奋

   wind down (钟表)慢下来,停住; ()松弛下来

练练吧!

1.你的表上发条了吗?

2.这条河蜿蜒流向大海.

3. This year has been too busy for me; I need a holiday         .

  A. winding up B. to wind up C. winding down D. to wind down

4. The wind is too strong; please wind the window        .

  A.  down  B. in  C. up  D. back

.apply vi &vt 应用, 运用; 申请

归纳拓展

apply for sth to sb向某人申请某物

apply to (sb /sth )(与某人/某物)有关; 有效; 适用于……

apply oneself to (doing) sth集中精力做某事

练练吧!

1.你应该立即申请,亲自去也好,写信也好.

2.这项新技术很快就用在了实践中.

3.我将去那家公司申请那项工作.

4.考试前每个学生都在集中精力学习.

5.这件事与你无关.

.demand v.& n. 需要,需求, 要求

归纳拓展

by popular demands由于许多人的要求,由于普遍要求

in demand需求量大,有需求

meet /satisfy one’s demands /needs满足某人的需求

make demands on sb对某人提出要求

on demand 一经要求

demand sth要求, 需求……

demand to do sth要求做……

demand that 从句( 谓语为should+动词原形, should 可省略) 要求……

练练吧!

1.The key to        the problem is to        the demands         by the customers.

  A. solve; meet ; made   B. solving ; meet ; made

  C. solve ; met ; make    D. solving ; meeting ; made

2.It is demanded that the play        for another week.

 A. runs  B. will run  C. run  D. shall run

3.Good workers are always        demand in the factory.

  A. in   B.  on  C.  by   D.  for

4.The workers demanded         immediately.

  A. being  replied  B. replying C. to be replied  D. to reply

.spring  vi. (sprang  sprung ) ,跳跃,弹起

归纳拓展

spring to life突然活跃起来

spring back弹回到原来的位置

spring sth on sb向某人突然说出某事

spring up突然出现,涌现,迅猛发展

练练吧!

1.Doubts have began to spring          in my mind.

   A.  back  B.  on  C.  up  D.  down

2.I have to spring this          you at such short notice.

   A.  back  B.  on  C.  up  D.  down

3.全镇各地很快盖起了新房子.

.  assume vt. 假设,设想,以为   .assumed  adj. 假设的,假定的

     assume  that 从句  认为……, 假定……

练练吧!

1.I hope to go to college next year, always        that I pass my exams.

  A. assume  B. to assume  C. assuming  D. assumed

2.               (普遍认为) stress is caused by too much work.

3认为经济将继续好转是有道理的.

 

Key :

.1.D 2.keep 后加 a 3. holds the world record 4. record /keep a record of

. 1.All the children contributed their free time to the concert.

   2. Plenty of fresh air contributes to good health.

   3.His carelessness contributed to the accident.

. 1.We’re both uncertain about what to do. 2.in no uncertain terms  3. uncertain of his winning / uncertain whether he will win   4.B 5. C

.1. This company is superior to the one I worked at three years ago.

   2. In my opinion, trousers made by hand are superior to those by machines

   3. A.4. is superior to me

. 1. This house only came onto the market  yesterday.

   2.Many things need to be done before a new product comes onto the market.

.1. Have you wound your watch?

   2. The river winds down to the sea.    3. D   4. C

. 1. You should apply immediately, in person or in letter.

   2. The new technology was soon applied in practice.

   3.I will apply to the company for the work.

   4.Every student applies themselves to studying before the exams.

   5.This case does not apply to you.

. 1. B  2. C  3. A  4. D

1.C  2 .B  3.New houses were springing up all over the town.

.1.C. 2.It is generally assumed that

   3.It is reasonable to assume that the economy will continue to improve.

Grammar

 1 familiar  adj.

 be familiar with ------    ------ 熟悉

 be familiar to -----   ------熟悉

 Complete the following sentences:

我对这个城市很熟悉。

I am _______ __________the city.

= The city is ______ _______ me.

 

2  up to-----

 It is up to sb. to do --------

sb be up to (doing) sth.

单项填空:

(1)   -- Shall we eat out or stay in ?

-- ________.

A. It’s up to you                    B.It depends on you.

C. Well, I’m looking forward to it      D. Good idea.

 (2 ) – What have you been _____ these days?

-- Preparing for my daughter’s wedding party.

A. up  B. on   C. up to   D. on to

Task

1 measure  vt /vi.  n.

  measure sb./sth. Against sb./ sth.

  measure up ---

  take measures to do---- 

  make --- to measure

单项填空:

The main bedroom _________ 12ft by 15ft.

A. is measured  B. is measuring

C. measures    D. is being measured 

 Translate:  我们必须采取措施阻止河流受到污染。

     __________________________________.

 

2 suitable  adj.

  sb is suitable for sth

sb is suitable to do sth.

Sth. is suitable for sb.

Sb is fit for sth./ to do sth

单项填空:

The dress is not suitable ________ for the party.

A. to be worn   B. for being worn

C. to wear      D. for wearing

3 倍数的常见句型:

  ---- times as adj. as -----

  ---- times+比较级+ than----

  ---- times the + n. ( size, length, width, depth,etc,) of ----

单项填空:

(1) At a rough estimate, Nigeria is _______ Great Britain.

   A. three times the size as    B. the size three times of

   C. three times as the size of  D. three times as the size of

(2) – Is this stick long enough?

   -- No, I need one ________.

  A. twice so long  B. so long twice

C twice as long  D. as long twice

Project

1 be based on-----

  at the base of-----

 

单项填空:

(1)   We need actual facts _____ our thinking.

A.     on which to base     B. which to base on

C. on which to be based   D. which to be based on

Translate: 这篇新闻报道是完全根据实际情况写成的。

    ______________________________________.

2. expose vt.

 expose ----- to-----

单项填空:

(1)   He smiled suddenly, __________ a set of amazing white teeth.

A.     exposed  B. exposing  C, to expose  D. being exposed

(2)   _______ to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin.

A. Having exposed  B. Exposed

C. Being exposed   D. After being exposed

3 equal  adj. / vt.

  be equal to-----

完成句子:

He _______ ( 不能胜任) his position.

Mary _________(---一样) Bill in brains.

4. associate --- with---

---联系在一起” ,“和---来往” ,“和---公事”

Eg. We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.

完成句子:

我真的不想和他们交往了, 我不喜欢他们的想法。 

I really do not want to __________ ; I don’t like the ideas.

5. have faith in---

  Lose faith in---

单项填空:

(1)   I ___ you—I know you’ll do well. ( which of the following is wrong.)

A. have faith in   B. believe in   C. trust   D. believe

(2) We have a great faith _______ we will realize our dream in time.

   A. that  B. which  C. whether   D. what

高二(下)unit.1复习材料短语和句子   

第一单元living with technology

1.在近数十年里in the last few decades

2.贡献给..,有助于contribute to

3.暂时,目前for the time being 

4可以接近have assess to

5面市come onto the market

6..结合起来,联合be associated with

7电子词典electronic dictionary

8黑白电视机black –and white TV

9一个住在英国的美国人An American living in the US

10在那时at that time

11由手来上发条wind up by hand

12录制make a record of

14导致,引导,通向lead to

15在某种程度上to some /a certain degree

16涌现,突然出现spring up

17接管take over

18多种多样的a variety of

19令某人高兴的是 to one`s delight

20可携带的音响器械portable audio device

21最新的,最近的up to date

22能够 be capable of

23在那种情况下in tat case

24及时赶上in time for

25由某人决定it is up to sb.to decide

26某人忙于某事sb.be up to sth.

27适合某人be suitable for

28记住,牢记keep in mind

29为某人提供provide sb. With sth

30在此之前previous to this

.完成句子

1.在我看来,手工制作的玩具要比机器加工的要好的多.

In my opinion ,toys made by hand are____ _____those made by machine.

2.这项研究成果将应用于癌症的治疗.

The result of this research will be ____ ____ the treatment of cancer.

3.她要求把一切告诉她.

She _____ that she should___ ____ everything .

4.在母亲的陪伴下,他来到了这个陌生的城市.

______ ____ his mother , he came to the strange city.

5.八月份那里的天气可能会很冷.

It ___ _____ ___ be cold in August there.

6.这种油漆能经受各种各样的天气.

This kind of paint can ___ ______ _____all kinds of the weather.

7.总体上说,女性的体力不及男性.

On the whole, women are not ____ ____ men in physical strength.

8.正如老师说的,男生们都喜欢科幻小说.

____ the teacher has said ,detective story are ____ ____boy students.

9.人门总是把苏格兰和威士忌联系在一起.

Whisky ___ usually _____ _____ Scotland.

10.虽然她有很多缺点,我还是很信任她.

I still have  _____ _____  her____her shortcomings.

完成句子的答案:

(1.superior to   2,applied to 3,demanded be told  4, accompanied by

5,is likely to  6,be exposed to   7, equal to  8,As popular among

9,is associated with  10 faith in despite)

Unit 1单词拼写练习

 

1.We’ve invited 50 people a____________.

2.I like listening to r__________   of famous singers.  

3.Plenty of fresh air c______________ to good health.

4.The kind of machine is protected by p___________       so only this factory has the right to produce it.

5.I’m very nervous ,so I must ask you to a_________me to the police station.

6.It’s said that there will be a live b__________ of a baseball game on TV next Tuesday.

7.When a__________ for a job,your should offer your detailed information.

8.Can you give me the a_________ figures,not an estimate or a guess.

9.They drove along with all the car windows w_________ up.

10.No one lived in the old house for many years ,weeds were s________ up  every where.

11.I m_______ asked his name and address .

12.We  have provided seats for the c________ of our customers.

13.He smiled suddenly ,e_________ a set of amazingly white teeth.

14.John gave me a g_________ that it wound never happen again.

15.Drugs should not be taken without c_________

16.One kilogram is e_________ to 1000 grams.

17.He is my s___________ in knowledge. He often helps me.

18.Scientists have recently supplies us with some (令人担心的)findings.

19They would not __________(承认) that cancer is associated with smoking .

20 It took more than two ____________(十年) for colour broad casts to begin in the USA .

21.the salesperson showed us a new___________(便携的)cassette tape player.

22.I________(假定)him to be an honest man..

23.There are (种类) of patterns to choose from .

24 The ______(利润) in this business are not large .

25 It’s hard to ________(估计)his ability when we haven’t seen his work .

26 Mp3 is especially __________(适合)for those who travel a not.

27 Do you have _________(令人信服的) reasons for your absence .

28 Plastics often slowly and can easily be ____________(成型) while they are soft .

29 The aim of university should be the ________(促进) of learning.

30 _______(先前的) to this , scientific experiments didn’t show a definite link.

 

 

 

 

 

 

KEY: 1_5  altogether  records  contributes  portable  accompany

6_10  broadcast  applying  actual  wound  springing

11_15 merely  convenience  exposing  guarantee  caution

16_20 equal  superior  worrying  acknowledge  decades

21_25  portable  assumed  varieties  profits  measure

26—30  suitable  valid (convincing) shaped advancement previous  

 

(编辑:韩宏华)

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