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关于英语反意疑问句的特殊情况

发布时间:2008-11-30 点击数: 字号:- 小 + 大【收藏】【打印文章】

关于英语反意疑问句的特殊情况

泰州第二中学  韩宏华

英语反意疑问句在意义掌握上稍难一些,本文且不论,就结构表达上作例解如下

1、              主语为人的不定代词,简略问句的主语用they

Everybody enjoyed this story, didn’t they?

No one knows what they will do, do they?

2、              主语为事物的不定代词,简问句的主语用it:

Something is wrong with the machine, isn’t it?

Nothing happened then, did it?

Some of us..., don’t we?    Some of them..., don’t they?

3、              主语为不定代词one时,简问句用you:

One can’t be here so early, can you?

4、              There +Vi.+主语,简问句主语随之而定

There lived a king in the country, didn’t he?

There stands a tall tree near the river, doesn’t it?

5、              I am的简问式用aren’t I?

6、              陈述部分含否定词few, little, seldom, hardly, never, neither, nothing等,简问句用肯定式

They could hardly do it, could they?

There is little water in the bottle, is there?

7、 当主语为第一人称的主句谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, etc时,简问句的主语须与宾语从句主语保持一致,并注意否定的转移:

  I believe that the girl is younger than he, isn’t she?

  We don’t think that he can give it up, can he?

8、              陈述部分含“must”表示“一定,想必”等推测意义时,简问句选用相应的动词:

He must be late for the class now, isn’t he?

They must have done the job yesterday, didn’t they?

They must have met each other before, haven’t they?

9Let’s的祈使句, 简问句用shall we? Let us的祈使句和动词原形开头的祈使句, 简问句用will you?

   Let’s go shopping, shall we?

   Let us go shopping, will you?

   Don’t talk in class, will you?

10, 陈述部分表示惊奇、怀疑、反感、讽刺等感情色彩,且不用回答时,或者so位于句首的陈述句,简问句对应使用肯定或否定:

   Oh, he is an actor, is he?    So he likes the idea, does he?

   A: I won’t let you do it.    B: you won’t, won’t you?

11、句子主语为I,使用“find+宾语+形容词”句式来征询对方意见时,简问句主语用you

   I find English very interesting, didn’t you?

12、句子为I wish / want表示愿望时,简问句使用may的肯定式:

   I wish to go to college tomorrow, may I?

13、陈述部分含否定前(后)缀构成的谓语动词或表语,虽意义否定,但形式肯定,简问句仍用否定式:

We’re unhappy to see Tom out of school, aren’t we?

He dislikes (=hates) smoking, doesn’t he?

                                                                                       2008-7-20

(编辑:韩宏华)

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